This site will look much better in a browser that supports web standards, but it is accessible to any browser or Internet device.

Clubs, glossaries, museums, shops and much more......

...all of your model making needs from one site.

Terminology used in the Shipping Forecast

Gale Warnings
  • Gale
    Winds of at least Beaufort force 8 (34-40 knots) or gusts reaching 43-51 knots.
  • Severe Gale
    Winds of force (41-47 knots) or gusts reaching 52-60 knots.
  • Violent Storm
    Winds of force 11 (56-63 knots) or gusts of 69 knots or more.
  • Hurricane Force
    Winds of force 12 (64 knots or more). Note the term is Hurricane Force: the term hurricane on its own is only used to imply a true tropical cyclone.
  • Imminent
    Expected within 6 hours of time of issue.
  • Soon
    Expected within 6 to 12 hours of time of issue.
  • Later
    Expected more than 12 hours from time of issue.

  • Fog
    Visibility less than 1000m.
  • Poor
    Visibility between 1000m. and 2 n.miles.
  • Moderate
    Visibility between 2 and 5 n.miles.
  • Good
    Visibility more than 5 n.miles.

Movement of Pressure Systems
  • Slowly
    Moving at less than 15 knots.
  • Steadily
    Moving at 15 to 25 knots.
  • Rather Quickly
    Moving at 25 to 35 knots.
  • Rapidly
    Moving at 35 to 45 knots.
  • Very Rapidly
    Moving at more than 45 knots.

Pressure Tendency in Station Reports
  • Rising (or Falling) Slowly
    Pressure change of 0.1 to 1.5 hPa in the preceding 3 hours.
  • Rising (or Falling)
    Pressure change of 1.6 to 3.5 hPa in the preceding 3 hours.
  • Rising (or Falling) Quickly
    Pressure change of 3.6 to 6.0 hPa in the preceding 3 hours.
  • Rising (or Falling) Very Rapidly
    Pressure change of more than 6.0 hPa in the preceding 3 hours.
  • Now Rising (or Falling)
    Pressure has been falling (rising) or steady in the preceding 3 hours, but at the time of observation was definitely rising (or falling).

  • Wind Direction
    Indicates the direction from which the wind is blowing.
  • Wind Becoming Cyclonic
    Indicates that there will be considerable change in wind direction across the path of a depression within the forecast area.
  • Veering
    The changing of the wind in the direction of motion of the hands of a clock, e.g. SW to W.
  • Backing
    The opposite direction to veering, e.g. SE to NE.