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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



Bailey

Castle courtyard and surrounding buildings.


Balconies


Balusters


Balustrade


Banister


Barbican

Outwork defending the entrance to castle.


Barge Boards


Barrel roof

  • Like a covered wagon, or inverted ship.
  • Barrel vault is a plain vault of uniform cross-section.


Bartizan

Overhanging battlemented corner turret, corbelled out; common in Scotland (and France).


Bastion

A solid masonry projection.


Bath


Batter

An inclined face of wall; hence battered.


Battlements

A parapet with indentations or embrasures, with raised portions (merlons) between; also called crenellations.


Bay

A subdivision of the interior space of a building. In Romanesque and Gothic churches, the transverse arches and piers of the arcade divide the building into bays.


Bay Window

Bay windowA window placed in a projection of an exterior wall of a building is called a bay window when the wall projection extends all the way down to a corresponding projection of the foundation. In plan view, the wall projection may be rectangular, polygonal or segmental (curved).

See also: Windows.


Bedrooms


Beds


Bivalate

A hillfort defended by two concentric ditches.


Box Frame


Bracket

A bracket is a horizontally projecting support, typically ornamental and attached to a wall, for an overhanging structure. The brackets most often seen in residential architecture are those beneath the roof overhang of Italianate houses, of which they are a distinguishing feature.


Bratice

A timber tower, or projecting wooden gallery.


Bricks

The Brick Taxes from 1784 to 1850 were at first applied based on the number of bricks used. As you could imagine this lead to bricks being made larger.

Bricks


Buttress

An exterior masonry structure that opposes the lateral thrust of an arch or a vault and adds extra support.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z