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Main Line

A railway route interconnecting locations of major importance.


Mallard

Designed by Sir Nigel Gresley, the A4 Class Mallard 4-6-2 is still unbeaten as the fastest ever steam locomotive recording 125 miles per hour between Grantham and Peterborough on 3 July 1938, breaking the record previously held by the Flying Scotsman. The Mallard has a distinctive streamlined shape.


Manifold

A vessel supplied with boiler steam from which many auxiliaries are supplied.


Mansard Roof

A railway coach or van roof, which in cross section has a flat central portion and sides which slope downwards.


Mansell Wheel

A railway wheel in which the tyre and hub are metal, but in which the centre is made up of wooden blocks.


Marklin

In 1891 Marklin were the first manufacturer to introduce train sets with a train driven by a clockwork motor.


Match Wagon or Match Truck

A special rail vehicle with different coupling or buffing arrangements at each end.

Low wagon which is coupled in a train to take up the space of a load overhanging the end of the next wagon.

Mekydro Transmission

A type of hydraulic transmission which used a single torque converter connected to a self-changing mechanical gearbox. Developed by Dr Maybach of the German Mayback Motorenbau company, the first units were built in 1938.


Mikado Locomotive

A locomotive which according to the Whyte classification is of the 2-8-2 wheel arrangement.


Mile Post

A line-side post on which is printed the distance in miles from a datum point.


Mixed Gauge

A railway line with more than two running rails, enabling trains designed for more than one track-gauge to use the line.


Mixed Train

A train consisting of a mixture of passenger and goods stock.


Mogul Locomotive

A locomotive which according to the Whyte classification is of the 2-6-0 wheel arrangement. Due to the cleverly designed front bogie the Mogul 2-6-0 ran like a locomotive with a two axle leading bogie e.g. 4-6-0. Giuseppe Zara designed a system that combined a leading axle with the first driving axle. With a slight amount of play allowed in the leading driving axle the result was a sort of leading bogie that allowed some rotation in curves. This is the Bissel bogie or 'Zara Truck' (known in Italy as the 'Carello Italiano').


Mono-Rail

A railway system, usually employing elevated track, in which the weight of the moving vehicles is taken on a single rail.


Moquette

The material used for covering ("trimming") carriage seats. It is of rather thicker quality than normal upholstery material.


Motion

A general term for driving and valve gear on steam locomotives.


Motion Plate

An outward extending plate, which is secured to the side frames of a steam locomotive, or a transverse plate between the side frames, onto which one end of the slide bars are attached.


Motor Bogie

A bogie on which is mounted a traction motor.


Mud-Holes

See: Washout Plugs.


Mullet

A type of wagon, see Borail for details.


Multiple Unit

This refers to a self powered coach or set of coaches (may also be called motor coaches) that can be operated in multiple, ie. a driver in one unit can control all those so connected. Multiple units can be diesel or electric powered.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z